Meat production in the United States is regulated by both the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), as follows:
- USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is responsible for regulating the safety of meat, poultry and eggs.
- FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) ensures that animal drugs and medicated feeds are safe and effective and that food (including meat, milk and eggs) from treated animals is safe to eat. CVM regulates drugs, devices and food additives for poultry, cattle and swine (among other animals).
No U.S. regulatory agency is responsible for setting standards for, or monitoring, the state of being of animals raised for food. USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) enforces an Animal Welfare Act, but that law specifically exempts animals raised for food.